Thursday, 03 January 2013 05:52

What is made of: wet of wet wipes

Wet wipes as commonly known are impregnated fabrics. Scope of this post is to understand better what is this ‘Wet’ stuff and answer to some basic questions. Let's go through some ingredients we can found in the formula of wet wipes.

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After many rumors the new diaper from Drylock Technologies has been released. It is currently sold under brand Toujours as private label for supermarket chain Lidl.

Last modified on Wednesday, 17 July 2013 12:43
Thursday, 20 September 2012 04:48

Zero waste wings for sanitary napkins

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At first look sanitary napkins seem all very similar. They are all made of a central chassis, usually straight or slightly contoured, and a pair of "wings" to position the product on the user's underwear.

Last modified on Monday, 01 April 2013 21:45
Saturday, 01 September 2012 07:19

Requirements for baby diapers

Primary function of baby diapers  is retaining body fluids, but also a minimizing the negatives associated with wearing such articles by increasing the comfort of the wearer.

Wednesday, 29 August 2012 16:42

Fluffless Core: technology and process

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A new trend in disposable diaper business is to reduce as much as possible fluff amount into the product core. Fluff is only one of core components and not the most absorbent!

Monday, 27 August 2012 22:06

Embossing Process Issues

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embossing dieRotary embossing systems are tools that have traditionally been used to emboss the webs that form absorbent hygiene products. Typical embossing systems include rotary embossing rolls and cooperating, rotary anvil rolls. Different embossment dies can be fixed to rotary embossing rolls to produce a variety of desired embossment regions for absorbent articles. 

A typical embossed products, such as feminine sanitary napkin comprises a topsheet, absorbent core and backsheet. The latter is usually attached to the topsheet prior to the embossment phase. The attachment of the backsheet to the absorbent core prior to embossment usually limits the depth of the embossment regions, as if the embossment is too deep the backsheet may be damaged during the embossment process, such as by cutting or tearing the backsheet. 

Sunday, 26 August 2012 13:59

Fameccanica introduces Janus

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Janus DiaperRecently Fameccanica.Data introduced a new machine to produce training pants named Janus. This is a very interesting concept because take its basis from a different product design compared to the ones we can currently find on the market. We can say it is a tentative for Fameccanica to try to became a product innovator and not to simply follow requirements of their clients.

Nowadays training pants (or pull on diapers) are made following 3 typical designs: 

1.- diaper with full-waist elasticization by means of transversal elastic threads and with side sealing. This is a typical design used from many years in Asia and still used from majority of diaper producers. 

Wednesday, 22 August 2012 20:16

Compostable Film for Backsheet

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One aspect of absorbent articles that has recently been considered is their disposability. Although such products largely comprise materials which would be expected ultimately to degrade, and although products of this type contribute only a very small percentage of the total solid waste materials generated by consumers each year, nevertheless, there is currently a perceived need to devise such disposable products from materials which are compostable.

A conventional disposable absorbent product is already to a large extent compostable. A typical disposable diaper, for example, consists of about 70% of compostable materials, e.g., wood pulp fibers, and the like. In the composting process soiled disposable absorbent articles are shredded and commingled with organic waste prior to the compostjng per se. After composting is complete, the non-compostable particles are screened out. In this manner even today's absorbent articles can successfully be processed in commercial composting plants.  

Nevertheless, there is a need for reducing the amount of non-compostable materials in disposable absorbent articles. 

SAP, backsheet and closure system are the parts that are generally made of non-compostable materials.

Recent research is striving to replace polyethylene backsheets in absorbent articles with liquid impervious films of compostable material, because the backsheet is typically one of the largest non-compostable components of a conventional disposable absorbent article.

Let’s have a look at main properties a compostable film has to have in order to be a good candidate to replace conventional backsheets in absorbent articles.

In addition to being compostable, the films employed as backsheets for absorbent articles must satisfy many other performance requirements. For example, the resins should be thermoplastic such that conventional film processing methods can be employed. These methods include cast film and blown film extrusion of single layer structures and cast or blown film coextrusion of multilayer structures. Other methods include extrusion coating of one material on one or both sides of a compostable substrate such as another film, a non-woven fabric, or a paper web.

Properties such as tensile strength, tensile modulus, tear strength, and thermal softening point determine to a large extent how well a film will run on converting lines.

In addition to the aforementioned properties, still other properties are needed to meet the end user requirements of the absorbent article. Film properties such as impact strength, puncture strength, and moisture transmission are important since they influence the absorbent article's durability and containment while being worn.

Once the absorbent article is disposed of and enters a composting process, other properties become important. Regardless of whether incoming waste is preshredded or not, it it important that the film or large film fragments undergo an initial breakup to much smaller particles during the initial stages of composting.

Otherwise, the films or large fragments may be screened out of the compost stream and may never become part of the final compost.

During the initial stages of composting, for example where a Daneco drum is employed, the film is exposed to mechanical action, elevated temperatures, and moisture, in addition to microorganisms.

Any one or two or all three of these elements can be used to promote the initial breakup of the film or large film fragments to much smaller fragments.

Many biodegradable polymers exist which are sensitive to mechanical action or elevated temperatures, or moisture. Many would individually meet the requirements for composting. However, few if any, can meet all processing, converting, end user, and disposal requirements of films suitable for backsheets of absorbent articles.

To meet all these requirements simultaneously in a single film, various biodegradable polymers must be combined in ways which overcome their individual deficiencies but do not compromise the beneficial properties associated with the individual biodegradable polymers.

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